AB InBev sees worse ahead, with some improvement in China


Budweiser beer bottle labels during a Anheuser-Busch InBev NV news conference in Hong Kong, China, on Tuesday, Sept. 17, 2019.

Kyle Lam | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Anheuser-Busch InBev, the world’s largest beer maker, forecast a “materially worse” second quarter as coronavirus restrictions curb drinking across the globe, while noting some improvement in China.

The brewer of Budweiser, Corona and Stella Artois sold 9.3% less beer and other drink than a year ago in the first three months of 2020, but this decline worsened to about a third in April as bars and restaurants closed and some production halted.

At one extreme, South Africa banned sales of alcohol at the end of March, Peru closed down beer production and sale until the end of April, while many stores in Mexico were out of stock after breweries were shut.

The Belgium-based beer maker did say, however, there were early signs of recovery in China and South Korea as restaurants, and to a lesser extent clubs, began reopening from mid-March.

The company’s drinks volumes in China were down 46.5% in January-March, but only 17% lower in April.

AB InBev has already scrapped its guidance for 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and proposed to halve its final 2019 dividend.

Overall, first-quarter core profit (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization or EBITDA) came in at $3.95 billion, down 13.7% from a year earlier. That compared with a company-compiled consensus of a 14.7% drop.

In the United States, AB InBev’s largest market, the company lost market share as the craze for hard seltzer – sparkling, often fruit-flavored alcoholic beverages – accelerated, although the company is pushing more into this category.

Sales in stores also rose, disproportionately benefiting established brands such as its own and larger packs, though it was not clear if this would continue long term.

Stores across the world have seen surging sales of beer, wine and spirits, although the pace in many countries has slowed and it seems unlikely to make up the shortfall from lost sales in bars, clubs and restaurants.

In Brazil, the company’s second-largest market, revenue fell 10% in the first three months of the year as many states forced the closure in March of bars and restaurants, which account for more than half of AB InBev’s drinks volumes in the country.

It is hoping to expand a service delivering cold beer to customers within an hour from closed venues.

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